For many years war ravaged the land along the Rhine. Seemingly endless battles between great powers, mostly over succession but sometimes over the land itself. People were tired. They were hungry. Then came the winter of 1708-09 and it was bad. The proverbial straw that broke the camel’s back. People wanted out. For years, they’d been hearing wondrous tales of the New World. Specifically, Pennsylvania. Queen Anne, for reasons of her own, issued a blanket invitation to these Poor Palatines to come to London, and, thence, to America. Many answered. Thousands. More, in fact, than the English had bargained for. The Vendricks were among them.
On the fifth of February, 1702, in the region of Frankenthal (the little purple area pointed to by the arrow on the map), Johan Georg Wonnrich, son of Baltzar and Elizabetha, was baptized. His brother, Johann Wendel Wennerich, was baptized in the same place December 5, 1706.
In April 1709, two more babes were baptized in Rotterdam, the Netherlands. Benedictus Weinrich was their sponsor. One was Jeremias Scheltzer, the other a “Bisschof baby girl.” The only one I have a specific date for was the Bischoff child who was baptized April 7. (Sources: The Fountain From Whence We All Come! – Balthasar Wenrich for Bisschof, and Lebanon Daily News, January 11, 1977, page 9 or The Palatine Families of New York: A Study of the German Immigrants Who Arrived in Colonial New York in 1710, Volume 1 by Henry Z. Jones, page x, for Scheltzer)
Balzar Weinrich, a forty year old Lutheran husbandman and vinedresser, appears on The Board of Trade List of First Party of Palatines in London, May 6, 1709. With him are his wife and their four children, sons aged 7, 5, and 3, and one daughter aged 15. Benedict does not appear on any of these lists.
On August 25, 1710, Rev. Joshua Kocherthal baptized Johannes Wenerich, son of Benedict and Christina in New York. (Source: The Book of Names, Especially Relating to the Early Palatines and the First Settlers in the Mohawk Valley by Lou D. MacWethy, page 16, here)
Both Baltzar Wenerick and Benedictus Wenerich appear, with their families, on the List of the Palatins Remaining at New York, 1710 (Source: The Documentary History of the State of New-York, Volume Three edited by Edmund Bailey O’Callaghan, page 339).
They are also on the New York Subsistence List of 1710-1712 (Source: Early eighteenth century Palatine emigration; a British government redemptioner project to manufacture naval stores by Walter Allen Knittle, page 290, Internet Archive):
Wennerich, Balthasar 3-2, 5-1
Wennerich, Benedict 2-2, 2-2
There are two entries per person. The first entry is at arrival in June 1710, the second in September 1712. The first number in each entry is the number of adults and children over 10, the second for children younger than 10.
From here, I’m going to leave Balthasar, though he shows up later, and follow Benedictus. But, before I go on, I want to bring up something that has confused me. In Historic Background and Annals of the Swiss and German Pioneer Settlers of Southeastern Pennsylvania… by Henry Frank Eshleman, I found this under 1711, page 192:
…before the ground was brought forth its first crop, they made preparations to bring the balance of their families over … Mart Kendig … went abroad and brought a company of Swiss and Germans back with him … the party consisted of the balance of families already here … and three others, whose Christian names are not given, Schlagel, Wenrich and Guildin.
From the text, I assume that “abroad” meant going back to Europe. To clarify that point, I read the pages cited from Rupp’s History of Lancaster County (80-81). It says:
Without unnecessary delay, Martin, the devoted friend of the colony, made ready — went to Philadelphia, and there embarked for Europe….
Only, instead of Wenrich, he gives the name as Venerick. If that is the case, then how could this Wenrich/Venerick be Benedict Wennerich who was in New York? Were there two Palatines named Benedictus with such similar last names in America at the same time? It’s a puzzle.
In 1712, presumably after September if he was in New York, Benedictus Venerich was among the Swiss and German Settlers in Lancaster County, Pennsylvania (Source: A collection of upwards of thirty thousand names of German, Swiss, Dutch, French and other immigrants in Pennsylvania from 1727 to 1776 by I. Daniel Rupp, page 437, Internet Archive).
The year 1715 saw Benedictus Venerick the owner of 200 acres in Chester County, Pennsylvania (Source: Minutes of the Board of Property of the Province of Pennsylvania edited by William Henry Egle, page 597). Somehow he acquired another 50 acres because “…in 1716, 250 acres of land immediately southeast of Lancaster on the Conestoga Creek, was surveyed to Benedict Wenrich….” (Source: The Evening News Harrisburg, PA, June 4, 1941, page 21). On November 30, 1717, Benedictus Venerick was among the neighbors of Melchior Brenneman. He appears on several Conestoga Township assessment lists between 1718 and 1727 (Source: Assessment lists and other manuscript documents of Lancaster County prior to 1729):
|Year||Name as on List||Assessment|
|1718||Benedictus Venerick||15 pounds|
|1719||Benedict Venry||30 pounds|
|1720-21||Benedictus Venrich||25 pounds|
|1722-23||Benedict Wenrick||10 pounds|
|1725-26||Benedict Venery||6 shillings, 3 pence|
|Christian Venary||3 shillings|
|1726-27||Benedict Venery||5 shillings, 10 pence|
|Balso Venry||3 shillings|
In 1727, in the 11th month, Benedictus Venerick sold his 250 acres to Christian Moyer (Source: Minutes of the Board of Property of the Province of Pennsylvania edited by William Henry Egle, page 755). After that, he moved to Craven Precinct, North Carolina (the part that would become Pamlico County in 1872), because that’s where we next find him, May 3, 1728-9, buying 180 acres of land on the North side of the Neuse River, along Green’s Creek, from Robert Pitts. Both Pitts and Benedictus Venery are referred to as being “of Craven Prect in Bath County & provc of No Carolina.” Here’s a transcription of the deed. He sold this same land to John Vendrick September 30, 1730 (see here).
Benadictus and John Wendrick were among the signers of the Petition of Craven Precinct for Altering the Seat of Government presented before the Governor and His Majesty’s Council on April 3, 1733 in Edenton.
The article of June 1941 in the Harrisburg Evening News quoted above, says that Benedict went back to Conestoga township to sell land in 1734, but what else there was to sell after 1727 I don’t know. I also don’t know if he came back to North Carolina, or even went back to Pennsylvania in the first place. His death is usually given as 1744 or 45. I just know I haven’t found anything else about him.
Update July 5, 2016: I have found a deed in Craven County dated April 17, 1745 wherein Benedictus Vendrick of Craven County sells 200 acres of land on the north side of the Neuse River to Robert Peat, Merchant, of New York for 150 pounds. In the deed, he mentions “my Patent containing three hundred and twenty acres and bearing date November the 14th 1713.” It is signed with his mark which is a “B,” and witnessed by Daniel Shine and Thomas Pearson.
John Vendrick was the sole legatee and executor of the will of one Henry Parlepough in 1735-36:
The Colonial Court Records of North Carolina (Volume 4, edited by William Laurence Saunders) has two entries for John Vendrick. The first, on page 962:
At a Council held at New Bern 7th October 1749…Read the following Petitions for Warrants for Land Viz…John Vendrick 200 Craven…Granted.
and the second on page 1250:
At a Council held at the Council Chamber in New Bern the 1st Day of October 1751…Read the following Petitions for Warrants of Land Viz…Jno Vendrick 100 Craven…Granted.
All Vendrick land patents I can find on North Carolina Land Grant Images and Data are situated around Beard’s Creek, mostly the east side, except for one for John Vendrick, Sen., in 1771, on the east side of Goose Creek and one for Jesse Vendrick, 1808-9, between Gatlin’s Creek and Dawson’s Creek. All of these are in what is now Pamlico County.
John, Peter, and Daniel Vendrick were all listed on the Roster of John Shine’s Company of the Craven County Militia, December 5, 1754. Also, sometime in the 1760s, this List of a Company of Foot upon the North Shore commanded by Capt. James Shore included the following entries:
- John Vondrick
- +Peter Sendick X
- Daniel Vandrick
Just what the plus sign and the “X” mean is not explained.
I don’t know if the original John Vendrick would have been considered young enough to serve in the militia in 1754. He’d have been 44 years old then, so he almost certainly wouldn’t have been serving in the 1760s. So, this could have been him and two sons, or all three could have been his sons. I think the youngest you could be to serve was about 16, so all of these men would have been born during or before 1738. If this is the Daniel Vendrick who wrote his will November 6, 1779, then there’s also a brother Abraham who he mentions in the will along with his wife, children, and brother John. A Peter Vendrick was one of the witnesses.
On October 14, 1758, John Wendrick sold 205 (or 250) acres on Beard’s Creek he’d acquired from John Hoover to John Galloway (here). Galloway would go on to sell this land to Isaac Reed January 21, 1761.
In 1769, there are three John Vendricks on that year’s List of Taxables and Carriage Wheels in Craven County. The original John, maybe, a son, and a grandson, maybe. There is no Peter Vendrick on this list. I wonder if he died. That could be what the “X” on the militia roster meant. The second white male in the household of John Vendrick could be Abraham.
|Vendrick, John Junr.||0||1||0||0||1|
|Vendrick, John Younger||0||1||0||0||1|
The first column is number of carriage wheels, the second the number of white males, the third the number of black males, fourth black females, and the last column is the total. Remember all white males taxed are sixteen or over. This changed in 1777 when the minimum taxable age was upped to 21. Also, there was now a minimum amount of land that could be taxed. If a man met the age requirement, but didn’t have the land, then he was just assessed a poll tax. There’s a good explanation of this at Random Acts of Genealogical Kindness. So, for this next tax list, 1779 (District 3, District 4), everyone is at least 21:
|District||Name||Acres||Other Property||Poll Tax|
|Abraham Vendrick||—||—||Married man
|4||Jesse Vendrick||75 valued
I don’t know, for sure, when John, son of Benedict, died. There are Craven County wills for John Vendricks dated 1785, 1789, and 1804. Whether any of these was the son of Benedict is unknown. The similarity of names between those of the 1785 will and those I’ve gleaned for Benedict’s John may be a coincidence. Vendricks love to recycle names, remember? But 1785 John may very well have been the son of Benedict. As I speculated in my post about Chosewell Dixon’s possible second wife, I think that John of 1804 was the son of 1785 John. John of 1789’s wife was named Alles.
These are the Vendricks listed in Craven County in the 1790 census:
(widow of 1789 John)
(possibly Joanna, widow of Daniel)
(widow of 1785 John)