May Reads 2016

TangleofNeed_NaliniSinghThis month has, mostly, been occupied by my Psy-Changeling reread and am more than ready for Allegiance of Honor. Even after this third time reading Tangle of Need, I still think Adria got gypped. That one continues to irritate me.

Between visits with the leopards, the wolves, and the Psy (oh my!), I read a few other things.  I really enjoyed the latest in Lorraine Heath’s Hellions of Havisham series, The Earl Takes All.  Although, I do think Julia was way less pissed than she should have been.  She forgave Edward too easily.  Earl-Takes_HeathOnly Beloved, the last book in Mary Balogh’s Survivors Club, was another good one, and I also enjoyed her novella, Another Dream, in Once Upon a Dream.  Wulfric Bedwyn continues to be one of my favorite fictional gentlemen.  Less enjoyable was Eva Leigh’s The Temptations of a Wallflower, the third installment in her Wicked Quills of London series. I almost choked on some of the purple prose spouted by The Lady of Dubious Quality.Beloved_Balogh

Next was Eligible by Curtis Sittenfeld. It didn’t take two chapters before things started going down hill. Sittenfeld’s Lizzie Bennett is, obviously an idiot, a condition to which I vehemently object in that character. I managed to stick it out until chapter 38 when Jasper’s last name was revealed. It kind of dashed my last hopes for Liz’s intelligence. However, on the bright side, Sittenfeld’s Mr. Bennett made me laugh every bit as much as his Austenian counterpart, but, alas, this was not enough to induce me to continue.

I picked up the much anticipated by me Britt-Marie Was Here by Fredrik Backman and the very interesting sounding Daughter of Albion by Ilka Tampke, but I haven’t found the time to dive into them, yet.  That’s for June.

What have y’all been reading and loving lately?

An Interesting List: Rent Roll of Virginia 1704-05

I found Alphabetical Rent Roll of Virginia 1704/05 and, glancing through it, found several familiar people.

The numbers come from The Colonial Planters of Virginia by Thomas Jefferson Wertenbaker (Internet Archive).  The appendix contains a county by county version of this rent roll.

Rent Roll of Virginia 1704-05
County Name Amount
Accomack Phillip Fisher 433
Isle of Wight John Davis
(also has 1 tract in Surry County)
250
William Green 150
Nansemond John Gatlin 200
William Gatlin 100
Northampton Joseph Benthall, Senr. 793
Joseph Benthall, Junr. 150
John Fisher 637.5
Robert Gascoyne 125
William Gascoyne 525
Princess Anne Matthew Brinson 250
Thomas Cason 550
David Scott 600
Thomas Scott 100

The Parentage of Elisha Spence

I know I said we’d talk about the Bowdens next, but, first, I have a correction to make.  Elisha Spence was, most likely, not the son of Isaac and Elisabeth.  In fact, I’m pretty sure he was the son of John and Rhoda.  My reasons for this are, mostly, circumstantial.  My main piece of evidence comes from a couple of land patents (emphases are mine).

  1. John Spence
    Cumberland County
    Book 91, page 62
    Grant Numbers: 1265

    Know ye that We have granted unto John Spence one hundred and sixty acres of land in Cumberland County on Hector’s creek Joining Atkins’s and Anderson’s lines; Beginning at a small Spanish oak Atkins’s corner in Anderson’s line then as Anderson’s line East thirty chain to a red oak by the side of the Creek, then North twelve chain and fifty links to a white oak by the side of the creek, then East eighteen chain and fifty links to a stake and pine then North twenty five chain and sixty six links to a stake and black jack, then West forty eight chain and fifty links to the Beginning. Dated the 17th Day of October 1796.

  2. Elisha Spence
    Cumberland County
    Book 134, page 256
    Grant Number: 2433

    Know ye that we have granted unto Elisha Spence twenty acres of land in Cumberland County, Joining his own, James Atkins, and other lines on or near the pond Branch; Beginning at a post oak one of his own corners of the land his father let him have and runs East twenty seven chains with his own line to a sassafras in the Vaugn line then south seven chains to a pine James Atkins corner then as his line West twenty seven chains to a sassafras by a Branch then North seven chains to the Beginning.

    Entered 3rd February 1819. To Hold to the said Elisha Spence Heirs and assigns forever. Dated 13th of March 1821

Of course, they could be talking about two different Atkinses. :)

Next are a couple of marriage bonds:

  • John Prince and John Spence paid bond in Cumberland County for John Prince to marry Nancy Spence August 23, 1815
  • Daniel Prince and Elisha Spence paid bond in Cumberland County for Daniel Prince to marry Medeia (I don’t know if that’s supposed to be Medea or Madeira) Spence September 23, 1819

I know Nancy Prince was their daughter because of this letter in John’s estate file:

N. Carolina Cumberland County
To the Court of pleas and quarter
sessions March Term 1830

This is to certify that I Rhoday Spence Relict of the late John Spence Senr Decd of the county afforesaid do hereby relinquish my right of administration on my Intestate husbands Estate, to my Daughter Nancy Prince or to any other person she may see proper to annominate for it is necessary that some person should be appointed and I am not able to attend to the business myself it therefore is my request that she may be appointed or some other person that she may recommend to the court and no other person.  Given under my hand this 27th Day first day of March 1830.

Rhoday Spence (her mark)

Test:  Montillian Sexton
Nancy Prince

I’ve read that Rhoda’s first name was actually Rebeckah and that she was the daughter of Hardy Dean of Wake County, but that is impossible.  Rebeckah Dean was unmarried as of 1827, according to her father’s estate papers.  Within that folder, there is a letter, dated January 29, 1827, from Aulsey Dean, in Tennessee, to Hardy Dean, Jr., which says

…give my compliments to sister Rebeccah and allso brother Josiah and his family and Theophilus and fammily, Claton Leyland [not sure about that last name, it was hard to make out] fammily and also Berry King and his familly…

These are his siblings and their families.  Notice there is no “and family” for Rebeckah, and no husband named.  If she was the wife of John Spence, it would have said something like “give compliments to John Spence and family.”

The children I currently have for John and Rhoda are:

  • Mary “Polly” Spence married John Taylor December 7, 1813, John Spence bondsman
  • Nancy Spence married John Prince August 23, 1815, John Spence, bondsman
  • Elisha Spence married Nancy Wood, Jr. November 25, 1823
  • Medeia Spence married Daniel Prince September 23, 1819, Elisha Spence, bondsman
  • Sarah Spence married Thomas Spence January 17, 1820, Samuel Atkins, bondsman (uncertain)
  • James Spence married Nancy Pate January 1, 1825, Elisha Spence, bondsman
  • William Spence (uncertain, John Spence estate sale)
  • Delilah Spence (uncertain, John Spence estate sale)

I’m sure there were others. Besides Rhoda, there were seven other females in that house in 1810.  Of males, there was a boy under 10 and John.  Talk about being outnumbered.  If Rhoda was the Rhody Spence in Sampson County in 1800, then there were, at least, two other sons.  I don’t know what happened to them.  They either died or were bound out as apprentices before 1810.

Dolly Bowden

Dolly may have been a nickname.  It just sounds like it should be.  I’ve read that Dolly can be used as a nickname for Dorothy.  At the time she married James Bourden/Bowden, her surname was Southerland, but that may or may not have been her maiden name.  There are indications that she may, originally, have been a Spence.  Or her mother was.  Or her mother-in-law, because I have no idea who James’s mother was.  Why am I so certain somebody in this family was a Spence?  Because of this entry in the Spence Family Bible:

Bethsay Ann BOURDEN the darter of Jonas? BOURDEN and wife Dolly BOURDEN was born the 15 day of February 1830.
Bethsay Ann BOURDEN dec’d the 26 day of March 1835.

Why would little Betsy Ann be recorded in the Spence Family Bible unless one of her parents, or grandparents, was a Spence?

Before I go any further, you’ll want to open that link in a new window, because I’m going to refer to that bible record frequently in this post.  There will be lots of speculation with theories, hypotheses, and possibilities galore.  I’m going to focus on Dolly and/or her mother being the Spence, but, keep in mind that, as I said before, it could just as easily have been James’s mother who was the Spence.  If anyone has any information that would back any of this up, or prove me horribly wrong, please share!

I hinted in my post Hiram Wright and the Bowden Sisters that certain questions were raised in my mind by the genealogy Some Early Families of Eastern North Carolina.  I discussed one of those questions in that post, whether James and Dolly were the parents of Mitchell Bowden.  The answer, in my humble opinion, being an emphatic no.  The dates just don’t work.  A second question pertains to the parentage of Dolly herself.  It says Dolly was the daughter of Isaac Spence and Mary Elizabeth Bowden, daughter of Samuel Bowden.  I’ve seen no actual evidence that her name was Mary, the marriage bond just says Elisabeth, and I’m not so sure Samuel was her father.  Isaac Spence and Elisabeth Bowden married in Duplin County April 27, 1789, as per this post.  I know most genealogies have the date of their marriage being in 1769, but the William Dickson argument utilized in that post is compelling. And, let’s face it, 1789 makes Dolly Spence a more likely probability.

The above genealogy also says Timothy W. Spence, born June 4, 1771, was the son of Isaac and Elisabeth Bowden Spence, which is, clearly, incorrect.  No, this is not wishful thinking on my part due to the whole 1769 vs. 1789 thing.  The bible record clearly states that he was the son of Timothy and Elizabeth Spence.  This older Timothy is quite likely the Timothy Spence on the 1767 Tax List for New Hanover County.  There’s a John Spence on that list, as well, though I don’t know if they’re brothers or father and son or something else entirely.  Just so you know, if John turns out to be the son in this possible father/son relationship, it will render the rest of this post moot.

I’m wondering if Timothy W. Spence and Isaac Spence were brothers, both sons of Timothy and Elizabeth?  And maybe we could add the John Spence of the 1790s Cumberland County land patents to the mix.  We could also, still hypothetically speaking, add to this list of possible children the Sarah Spence who married Beesly Maning June 10, 1793 in Duplin County with Elisha Gibbs as bondsman.

So, the children of Timothy Spence, Sr., and Elizabeth, his wife were:

  • John Spence (b. 1768, d. 1830) married Rhoda (as per his estate)
  • Isaac Spence (b. 1769) married Elisabeth Bowden (b. 1773)
  • Timothy W. Spence (b. June 4, 1771, d. May 3, 1853) married Martha “Patsy” (d. December 14, 1858)
  • Sarah Spence (b. 1777) married Beesly Maning

The dates for Timothy and Patsy come from the bible record, and John’s death date from his estate file, the others are calculated from a marriage age of 20 for the men and 16 for the women.  And does anyone have information about Beesly Maning?  All I have is this marriage bond.

Now let’s say, for supposition’s sake, that Timothy and Elizabeth married just before John’s birth, that is in 1767, and, further, that she was 13 when they wed.  That would mean she was born in 1754.  Dolly was born in about 1785, give or take a year or two.  In 1785, Elizabeth would have been 31 and, barring tragedy, still able to bear children and would  have been even if she’d married at 16 instead of 13.  Or, she and Timothy could have had a daughter born in 1772, who would have been 13 in 1785 and who was Dolly’s mother, Mrs. Southerland.  These calculations would work even if the hypothetical Mrs. Southerland was a year or two older than Isaac instead of younger.

Quick aside, I’ve read in various genealogies that Martha “Patsy” Spence’s maiden name was Futch, though with no actual proof, and that she was the daughter of Onesimus Futch.  Looking at the dates involved, I think granddaughter would be more likely.  Onesimus and his son, John, appear on the 1762 tax list in New Hanover County (see here for that and other tax lists for that county).  To be considered taxable, John had to have been at least 16 in 1762 which means he was born no later than 1747.  I don’t know where the 1766 date in so many genealogies comes from.  Martha was born sometime in the 1770s. Onesimus was the son of Martin Futch and Isabella Lawson Chilly.  Isabella was the daughter of John Lawson and Hannah Smith and widow of John Chilly and Martin the son of Jacob and Margaretha Fuch who were among the Palatines that came to the New Bern area with Baron von Graffenreid.  See this post:  Martin and Isabella Futch N. C.  This Onesimus Futch, there were at least five in the eighteenth century alone that I know about just glancing through some of the available data, never lived anywhere but North Carolina.  He was born in Craven County, probably in the part that is now Jones, and died in New Hanover County in 1781 (his estate file).  His wife’s name was Mary, she may or may not have been a Blunt.  It is interesting to note that Onesimus Futch entered a patent (it was never recorded) for 200 acres on the north side of Goshen Swamp, Duplin County, April 18, 1767.  John Futch was issued a patent, same county, for 100 acres on Farris’s Branch, not sure where that was, May 17, 1754.

Back to the bible record for a moment.  I found these entries especially interesting:

Isaac SPENCE, Junr, died the 21st day of October 1820, age twenty-six and four
months and twenty days old.
Timothy SPENCE, Junr. Died the 17th day of September the year 1818, age 21
years and 13 days old.
Samuel SPENCE died the 16th of November 1819, age 23 years 10 months old.
Elibeth SPENCE the wife of Isaac SPENCE dec’d the 24th day of May 1821.

and, further down,

Isaac SPENCE, Sr. died the 19 day of April 1848.

The question, here, is which Isaac Spence was “Elibeth” married to?  Was she the wife of Isaac, Jr. or was she the wife of Isaac, Sr., and, thus, Elisabeth Bowden?  The Isaac, Junr was, obviously, the son of Timothy and Martha, their children are the main focus of this bible record, born May 1, 1794.  Or so I thought until I did the math, with the help of this age calculator.  Their Isaac would have been 26 years, 5 months, and twenty days old on October 21, 1820.  So, either someone miscalculated his age at death, or this isn’t their Isaac, but someone else.  Plus, their Timothy was only 9 in 1818, and they had no son named Samuel. Were Samuel (b. Jan 16, 1796), Timothy, Junr. (b. Sep 4, 1797) and, Isaac, Junr. (b. June 1, 1794, exactly one month after his cousin of the same name) the sons of Isaac Spence and Elisabeth Bowden?

Ergo, the children of Isaac Spence, Sr., and Elisabeth Bowden, for now, are:

  • Isaac Spence, Jr. (b. June 1, 1794, d. October 21, 1820)
  • Samuel Spence (b. Jan 16, 1796, d. Nov 16, 1819)
  • Timothy Spence (b. Sep 4, 1797, d. Sep 17, 1818)

Now to tackle another puzzle:  Who, exactly, was Elizabeth, wife of John Prowse, Schoolmaster, and what relation was she, if any, to Isaac Spence?  There’s a whole conversation about this on the Genealogy.com message boards, mostly about whether or not Elizabeth Prowse was Elisabeth Bowden.  See, John Prowse wrote his will January 16, 1791 and it was probated in July.  After what I’ve come to think of as the preamble, it says:

…the Residue and Remainder of my Estate both real and personal 2 lend to my beloved wife Elizabeth Prowse during her natural life or widowhood, and at her decease or future marriage then 2 give and bequeath the whole to my son Thomas Prowse to him and his heirs and assigns forever.  And further to constitute and appoint my trusty friend Samuel Bowden and my son in law Isaac Spence to execute this my will and testament…

One of the witnesses is Timothy Spence.  The sticking point is the term “son-in-law.”  At this point in time, it could have it’s modern meaning, but it could also refer to a stepson.  So which was Isaac Spence to John Prowse?  If son-in-law, then what happened to Elisabeth Bowden Spence?  And if Elizabeth Prowse was Elisabeth Bowden Spence, making Isaac John’s stepson, then the only way this makes any sense is if the 1769 marriage date is correct instead of 1789, the Isaac Spence in the will being the son of Elisabeth and the senior Isaac.  That’s the gist of the controversy.  However, using my theory, as yet unproven, then Elizabeth Prowse was the widow of Timothy Spence, Sr., when she married John Prowse and was, thus, Isaac’s mother.  And, within the bounds of that hypothesis, Thomas Prowse would have to been her stepson, there being no indication that he is underage (under 21) in this will and, thus, was born in or before 1770.

The only other information I’ve been able to find on John Prowse is a deed in which he buys 100 acres from Hardy Reeves for 50 pounds on August 27, 1785.  He is on no tax list I can find for Duplin or Sampson County, nor can I find him on the 1790 census.

Isaac is the only Spence to appear on the 1784-1786 State Census + Goshen Swamp Project of 1785 in Duplin County.  I suspect he’s just on the Goshen Project list not the census because there are not numbers beside his name.

Looking at Isaac’s little family in 1790, it appears he and Elisabeth may have had twins.  One boy, I’ve been debating with myself whether or not this is Elisha Spence, and one girl.

Heads of Households Free White Males Free White
Females
Other Free Slaves
16+ <16
Isaac Spence 1 1 2 0 0
Timothy Spence 2 1 3 0 0

The household of Timothy Spence could be interpreted in many ways.  I don’t know if he and Patsy were married yet, and, if they were, the bible record lists no children born prior to 1792. Timothy would have been 19 in 1790.  The other man could be his stepfather, John Prowse, and Thomas could be the boy under 16.  Yes, I know, I’m reaching.  I just got finished saying that Thomas Prowse was, probably, of or over 21 in 1791.  That sound you just heard was my exasperated huff.  The females could be Elizabeth Prowse, Dolly Spence/Southerland, and either Patsy Spence or ? Spence Southerland, widow.

In 1800, Isaac and Elisabeth have three boys under 10, Isaac, Samuel, and Timothy as well as the tweenaged “Elisha” and two daughters. I wonder who the other male is?  Could it be Thomas Prowse?  This genealogy mentions Thomas selling 100 acres in Duplin County in October 1804, so he was alive and in Duplin County. I don’t know if their theory about this Thomas being their Thomas of Kentucky is correct.  The older girl is probably “Elisha”‘s twin, not Dolly.  I don’t know where she is at this point.  If she was the sister of Isaac and Timothy instead of the niece, being about 15, she’s probably married to Mr. Southerland.  Whichever one he was.  And, looking at Timothy’s household, it appears that Elizabeth Spence Prowse had passed.  I think that the Rhody Spence in Sampson County, Fayetteville Township, may have been John’s wife, but I’m not sure.  It’s just herself, two sons, and a daughter.

Heads
of
Household
Free White Males Free White Females
<10 10-15 16-25 26-44 45+ <10 10-15 16-25 26-44 45+
Duplin County
Isaac Spence 3 1 1 1 0 1 1 0 1 0
Timothy Spence 3 0 0 1 0 3 0 0 1 0
Sampson County
Rhody Spence  1  1  0  0 0  1  0 0 1  0

Isaac Spence appears on the 1806 tax list, but he’s the only Spence to do so.

Now, 1810 is the first census in which I’ve found John. I know he was in Cumberland County before this due to several land patents in the 1790s and early 1800s, but I can’t find him in either prior census. Notice that he is of or over 45, whereas Isaac and Timothy are aged 26 to 44 (41 and 39, respectively).  It leaves the option open that this John could be the John on the 1767 tax list in New Hanover County and, thus, their uncle instead of their brother.  If he was 16 in 1767, and thus born in 1751, then he’d be 58 in 1810 and 78 when he died in 1830.

By this time, Dolly had married James Bourden, January 12, 1804.  They have two young daughters and a third girl who may be Dolly’s daughter from her marriage to Mr. Southerland.  If not, then I have no idea who this girl could be.

Heads of
Household
Free White Males Free White Females
<10 10-15 16-25 26-44 45+ 0-9 10-15 16-25 26-44 45+
Duplin County
Isaac Spence 3 1 1 1 0 2 1 0 1 0
Timothy Spence 4 2 0 1 0 2 3 0 1 0
James Bourden 0 0 0 1 0 2 1 0 1 0
Cumberland County
John Spence 1 0 0 0 1 2 3 2 1 0

And this is where we’ll leave them for a bit, before the move to Cumberland. Next post we’ll talk about James Bourden and his family. After that, we’ll hook back up with the Spences.

LibraryReads June 2016

library_reads_logo_websiteGyasi_HomecomingThis month’s favorite is Vinegar Girl by Anne Tyler, a modern day retelling of Shakespeare’s The Taming of the Shrew.  It was already on my reading list, but the book on this list that most intrigues me is Homegoing by Yaa Gyasi.  Homegoing is a tale of two sisters of wildly disparate fates, one marries well, the other is sold into slavery.

Also of interest is The Invisible Library by Genevieve Cogman, where spy librarians visit alternate realities and search out and “acquire” special volumes for their collections. Cogman_Invisible

I may also read Lily and the Octopus by Steven Rowley.  Occasionally, I enjoy a good tear jerker.

Here’s the full list.  What’s on it you can’t wait to read?

I’m really surprised that neither Bark Skins by Anne Proulx nor The Mandibles: A Family, 2029-2047 by Lionel Shriver is on this list.  Of course, my most anticipated read of the month is Allegiance of Honor:)

Hiram Wright and the Bowden Sisters

Sarah Elizabeth Wright was born October 6, 1846 to Hyram H. Wright and Sarah Bowden Wright in Harnett County, North Carolina.  Harnett didn’t exist until 1855, so, technically, it was Cumberland County.  According to her death record, her mother was also born in Harnett County, her father in Chatham. The informant was her husband, David Fields. However, Hiram’s Find a Grave page says he was born in Cumberland County, and the death certificate of his elder daughter, Charity Ann Wright Newell, says he was born in South Carolina. The informant, Ashford Newell, was her son.

Wherever it was, Hiram was born December 12, 1813, according to his tombstone. For some reason I don’t understand many places, including Find a Grave, give James and Dolley Southerland Bowden Wright as his parents. A clear case of adding 2 + 2 and getting 15.  More on that below.

I don’t know if this next bit is relevant, but I’m throwing it out there.  There was an adult Hiram Wright in Chatham County in 1814. Listed among these Chatham County Marriage Bonds is one dated May 24, 1814 where a Hiram Wright stands bondsman for James McMath and Polly Johnson. However, he may have been a visitor, because I can’t find a Hiram Wright in Chatham County in any census or on the 1815 Tax List.  There’s also a bond for an Ira Rosson to marry a Sarah Wright, dated January 9, 1813 with James Wright as bondsman and two bonds in 1817 for persons named Hiram Rosson to marry.  James and Ira are both in Captain Brantly’s District in 1815, and there’s a James Wright in the census records for this county from 1810 until 1850 when he’s 72 years old.  Any connection?  No clue!  Oh, and because I have an inquiring mind, I looked, and James McMath, Jr. was living in Captain Roger’s District in 1815, adjacent to Isaac Henderson on Tyrrell’s Creek.  There are no Wrights in that district and the only Rosson is Benoni Rossin.  James McMath, Sr. was in Captain Crutchfield’s District.  No Wrights there, either, and no Rossons.  In fact, the only other Wright I could find on the whole freaking list was Augustine Wright in Captain Brantly’s District with one white poll.

The first mention I can find of my Hiram Wright is in the October 10, 1840 issue of The North-Carolinian.  His name was on a list of letters remaining at the Post Office since the first of the month.  Apparently, he was habitually rather slow to pick up the mail, because this isn’t the only time his name appears on such a list:

  • The North-Carolinian, October 24 and 31, 1840
  • The Fayetteville Weekly Observer, April 7, 21, and 28, 1841
  • The Fayetteville Weekly Observer, October 13, 1841
  • The North-Carolinian, October 6, 13, and 20, 1849

Hiram Wright and Sarah Bowden were married May 13, 1842 in Cumberland County. David Barksdale was bondsman. They had four children together: Charity Ann, born in 1843, Dolly Jane in 1844, Sarah Elizabeth in 1846, and James Hiram in 1847. I think Sarah may have died in childbirth with James, because Hiram married again on February 5, 1850, to Elizabeth Bowden. Tradition says Elizabeth and Sarah were sisters. I see no reason to doubt this, although I’ve seen no actual proof.  A Major Bowden stood bondsman for Hiram and Elizabeth. Their brother, according to tradition, and, again, I have no reason to doubt it. However, those same traditions say their father was also a Major Bowden, and that I do doubt.  More on that below.  I have also seen mention of a brother named Colonel for whom Hiram Wright acted as bondsman. I have not seen this bond, so, again, no proof.  I’m starting to wonder if someone mis-read the Stephen Reeves/Charlotte Bowden marriage bond (see below).

In 1850, Hyram and Elizabeth Wright, aged 33 and 21, respectively, were living in the Northern Division of Cumberland County with daughters Charity, 7, and Sarah, 3.  He was a Cooper (aka barrel maker).

Hyram-Elizabeth_1850

Next door is a Moses Bowden, 26, wife Nancy, 24, and their one year old son, Daniel J.  I don’t know if there’s a connection there, just a point of interest.  Further on in the census we find James Bowden, 72, and wife Dolly, 65. Living with them are Major, 24, Dolly J. Wright, 6, and James H. Wright, 3.

James-Dolley_1850

There is a marriage bond in Duplin County for James Bourden and Dolley Southerland dated January 12, 1804 with Samuel Bourden as bondsman. Bourden is the original spelling of Bowden.  James and Dolly are a little old to be Sarah and Elizabeth’s parents, or so I thought, until I found this entered in the Spence Family Bible:

Bethsay Ann BOURDEN the darter of Jonas? BOURDEN and wife Dolly BOURDEN was born the 15 day of February 1830.
Bethsay Ann BOURDEN dec’d the 26 day of March 1835.

Bethsay Ann was close in age to Elizabeth, who being 21 in 1850, would have been born in 1829.

Note that James Bowden is still alive in 1850.  Would someone, please, explain to me how it is that Dolly Southerland Bowden was supposed to have married a James Wright and born him a son in 1813.  Unless you’re going to tell me she married two James Bowdens.

Elizabeth Bowden Wright gave Hiram three children: Nathan in 1851, Mary Catherine in 1855, and Charlotte in 1856. Either she died giving birth to Charlotte, or shortly thereafter, because she doesn’t show up in the 1860 census:

Hiram-Dolly

Who were Sarah and Martha Bowden? In 1850, in the household of Mitchell Bowden, we find:

Mitchell-Bowden_1850

I wonder what the connection is? Mitchell was born in about 1792, making him too old to be a son of James and Dolly. Although, I did find this one genealogy, Some Early Families of Eastern North Carolina, that does have Mitchell as their son. How that worked when Dolly was born between 1785 and 1790 and Mitchell in 1792, is not explained. James would have been about 14 in 1792, thus Mitchell being a product of a previous marriage of his would be, though not entirely impossible, highly unlikely.

There are other questions raised by that genealogy, but they’re for another post.  Back on topic…

On January 15, 1861, a summons was issued for Hiram Wright to testify in the case of Elizabeth Buie vs. Robert Wooten (everything I’ve underlined was handwritten):

STATE OF NORTH CAROLINA

To the Sheriff of Cumberland Harnett County, Greetings:

YOU are hereby commanded to summon Hiram Wright
personally to appear before the Judge of the Superior Court of Law, at the next Court to be held for the County of Cumberland, at the Court House in Fayetteville, on the seventh Monday after the fourth First Monday in February next, then and there to testify and the truth to say, on behalf of Plff
in a certain matter of controversy in the said Court depending, between

Elizabeth Buie Plantiff and

Robert Wooten Defendant

Herein fail not, and have you then and there this Writ, with your doings thereon, to render to the said Court.  And this shall in no wise omit, under the penalty prescribed by act of Assembly.

Witness, JOHN W. BAKER, Clerk of our said Court, at Office, the seventh Monday after the fourth Monday in Septm — A. D. 1860

Issued the 15th day of January 1861.

J. W. Baker Clerk.

What’s with the “seventh Monday after the fourth Monday” crap?  Like legal documents aren’t difficult enough.

I don’t know exactly what Hiram testified to, but, from what I can understand of the legalese, John D. Buie, son of the Plaintiff, sold one of his slaves to his mother for $730. He owed a lot of money to several people and someone called in the debt and filed a suit.  Robert Wooten, the Defendant, a constable, in what I assume to have been a court ordered response, seized and sold this same slave as the property of James D. Buie in recompense.  The question before the court appears to have been:  Was the slave actually, truly, the property of Elizabeth Buie, bought in a legitimate transaction, or was some sort of fraud being perpetuated.  In other words, were they trying to pull a fast one?  The facts of the case were made murkier by the fact that the cardinal witnesses to the transaction were John’s sister, Jane Buie, and his brother-in-law, Thomas Murphy.  The Court would eventually rule in favor of the Plaintiff.  One feels sorry for the poor slave.

There is a note on the back of the summons that says “Not to be found in my County” and “in Cumberland Co. working with W. T. Rhodes.”  The date of the note is January 31, 1861.  W. T. stands for Wiley Trice.  According to the 1860 census, Mr. Rhodes was a Distiller.  This means he made booze.

Also in 1861, on July 4, and again on the 8th, this little tid-bit ran in The Fayetteville Semi-Weekly Observer:

STRAYED OR STOLEN,
From the subscriber on the 22d ult., a small Sorrel Roan HORSE, red mane and tail. A liberal reward will be paid for the delivery of said horse to me, or any information of said horse thankfully received.
HIRAM WRIGHT

From Fold3
From Fold3

September 2, 1863, at the age of 47 (according to this record), Hiram joined the 2nd Battalion, Local Defense Troops, Company D as a Private (this record).  A list of Cumberland Confederate Soldiers printed in the January 9, 1902 issue of The Fayetteville Weekly Observer, page 1, says Hiram’s unit was part of the Armory Guard.

After Elizabeth died, Hiram married again. To another Bowden. He and Nancy Ann Bowden married in Cumberland County on October 23, 1863. Stephen Reives was their bondsman. A couple of months later, on December 22, his daughter, Charity, married Edward Robert Newell. Stephen Reeves was their bondsman, too. On November 11, 1865, Stephen Reaves marrried Charlotte Bowden. Hiram Wright acted as bondsman. Stephen and his first wife, Isabella Guy, lived next door to Hiram in 1860.  The Isaac Guy in Hiram’s household was her brother.

Here’s a quick look at the relevant marriage bonds to refer to:

Bride Groom Date Bondsman
Sarah Bowden Hiram Wright May 13, 1842 David Barksdale
Elizabeth Bowden Hiram Wright February 5, 1850 Major Bowden
Isabella Guy Stephen Reeves October 30, 1850 John R. Cribbs
Mary Ballard Bryant Bowden April 28, 1853 Alexander Johnson
Sarah Autrey Major Bowden July 14, 1855 Alexander Johnson
Sarah Bowden James H. Marshall October 9, 1862 Robert M. Atkinson
Nancy Ann Bowden Hiram Wright October 29, 1863 Stephen Reeves
Charity Ann Wright Edward R. Newell December 22, 1863 Stephen Reeves
Jane Wright George Ely June 22, 1865 David Fields
Sarah Wright David Fields July 5, 1865 George Ely
Charlotte Bowden Stephen Reeves November 9, 1865 Hiram Wright
Sarah Jernigan Denning David Bowden September 12, 1872 n/a

Most genealogies say Nancy Ann Bowden Wright was a sister of Sarah and Elizabeth. I disagree. Look again at the family of Mitchell Bowden in 1850.  Notice Nancy A., aged 12, and Lotta, aged 8?  Further, look at this: on September 21, 1876, in Wake County, Charlotte Reives married Paschal Johnson.

…Charlotte Reivs of Wake County aged 35 years, color white, daughter of Mitchell Bowden and Lottie Bowden (nee Reves?) the father living, the mother dead, resident of Wake County…

Charlotte was definitely the daughter of Mitchell and Lottie Bowden. But it gets even more interesting.  There is another Wake County marriage license, dated January 4, 1880, for Ann Wright and William I. Rowland:

…Ann Wright of Wake County aged 42 years, color white, daughter of Mitchell Bowden and Rachel Bowden the father dead, the mother dead, were resident of Harnett County…

This begs the question: Was there a divorce? Or am I completely off base?  Cause Hiram ain’t dead in 1880.  He’s alive and, presumably, well, in Burnt Swamp Township, Robeson County.

By 1900, Annie was a widow living in Middle Creek, Wake County, in the household of John Allen Johnson and wife Martha.  She also lived there in 1910 when her name was listed as Nancy A. Rowland.  She could neither read nor write and had born no children.  In both censuses, her relationship to Mr. Johnson is “sister-in-law.” Another sister-in-law living with them was Sallie Marshall.  Remember the Sarah, aged 11, and Martha, aged 6 in the household of Mitchell Bowden in 1850, then in Hiram’s own house in 1860?  However, just to confuse everything, according to Martha Bowden Johnson’s death certificate, she was the daughter of Moses Bowden, whereas Annie’s gives her parents as Mitchell Bowden and Charlotte Jones.  Sallie Marshall’s isn’t as specific.  It just says her father was “Bowden”.  Martha died of “cancer of the face”,  Annie suffered from dementia, and Sallie burned to death in a house fire.  John Allen Johnson also died in that fire.  His death certificate says Pascal Johnson was his father.  The twists and turns just keep getting weirder the more I go into this, I swear.

I have no idea where Hiram lived right after the war.  Nor do I know where he was in 1870. Charity and Sarah lived in Robeson County with their husbands and children.  Both men were coopers.  I wonder if Hiram taught them the trade.  As I said, in 1880 he was living in Burnt Swamp Township, Robeson County. Sarah and David Fields lived there as well. My great-grandfather’s just 2 years old.

I wonder if he was the Wright father-in-law, aged 86, next to Frank and Kate Harris in Burnt Swamp in 1900. The problem is, they are all listed as Indian.  Frank and Mary Catherine Harris had a son named Hiram Franklin.

Hyram H. Wright died May 27, 1907, Pembroke Township, Robeson County.

Some Nerdiness: A couple of interesting studies about ancient populations in Europe

new&nerdlyThe largest ever study of global genetic variation in the human Y chromosome has uncovered the hidden history of men. Research reveals explosions in male population numbers in five continents, occurring at times between 55,000 and 4,000 years ago.

Here’s a more Euro-centric, and less sciencey, spin:

A research team led by Prof. FU Qiaomei from the Institute of Vertebrate Paleontology and Paleoanthropology at the Chinese Academy of Sciences (IVPP of CAS) and other international scientists has analyzed genome-wide data from 51 Eurasians from ~45,000-7,000 years ago and provided the first vivid look at the genetic history of modern humans in Eurasia before the start of agriculture ~8,500 years ago.

Freak Chain

I just saw this and laughed so hard!  Hilarious.  And slightly creepy.

Thar Be Yankees!: David Ernest Fields, Sr.

My great-great-grandfather, David Ernest Fields, Sr., was born October 2, 1842 in Pennsylvania. His parents were John Geary Fields, Sr., and Mary “Polly” West.  Geary was a coal miner, born between 1820 and 1825 in either Pennsylvania or Maryland.  Polly was born in about 1826.  All of this I’ve gleaned from census records and the death records of various of their children.  I have no information about either Geary’s or Polly’s parents.

There is one genealogy that notes for Polly, “I’ve seen Tweed as her maiden name.”  I’ve yet to find a record with that information.  I have found a Mary Fields living with Jane Tweed in 1850, 1860, and 1870 in Wayne Township, Mifflin County, but I think her husband was the George Fields living with them in 1850.  The only place I’ve seen the name Pauline associated with Polly is her daughter, Nancy’s, death certificate (click on Nancy Fields in that same genealogy).  I think she was confused by the nickname “Polly”.  Nancy may have been very young when Polly died.

Geary and Mary Fields were living in Quincy Township, Franklin County, in 1850:

Geary-Fields_1850

And, in 1860, they lived in Logan Township, Blair County:

Geary-Fields_1860

There was a George Fields living in Quincy Township, Franklin County, in 1840 with one free white male between 40 and 49 and another between 70 and 79.  Neither of these could have been Geary.  Also in Franklin County, in Guildford Township, there was a Henry Fields, presumably the gentleman aged 40-49, with 2 other free white males 15-19, one of whom could be Geary.  Probably not, but it’s an avenue of investigation.

These are the children I have for John Geary Fields, Sr. and Mary “Polly” West:

  • Mary Elizabeth Fields married John Coho in 1862 or 1863
  • David Ernest Fields married Sarah Elizabeth Wright July 5, 1865
  • John Geary Fields, Jr. married 1) Mary Etta Rider in about 1870, 2) Catherine Augusta Lessaman Myers August 11, 1914
  • George W. Fields
  • Margaret Fields
  • Nancy Ann Fields married Samuel H. Lego in about 1870
  • Isaac Fields
  • Susan Fields
  • Martha Belle Fields married John Jacob Wier March 17, 1884

Both David and John joined the Union Army.  David enlisted, 13th Cavalry, 117th Pennsylvania Volunteers, Company C, “The Irish Dragoons,” August 23, 1863, in Harrisburg, and mustered in as as Private September 2, 1863.  John’s Find a Grave page says he was in the 205th Regiment, Pennsylvania Infantry, Company F.  According to this regimental history, Company F was recruited from Mifflin County.  He enlisted August 22, 1864.  This unit served a pivotal role in the taking of Petersburg on April 2, 1865 and in the pursuit of General Lee that followed.  John mustered out with the rest of his company June 2.

As a curious aside, there was a John Fields, Corporal (Source: Search for Soldiers, John Fields) in the 13th, same Company.  This list of soldiers in the unit says John Fields mustered in September 8, 1862, but wasn’t on the muster out role.  I wonder, could this Corporal John Fields have been Geary?  If so, then he may have died in the war.  What I do know is that I’ve had no luck finding Geary and Polly in any census after 1860.  She may have died, or remarried.  I’ve yet to find a pension application if the latter.  There’s a book about the 13th Cavalry, One Good Regiment by Howard Hand, Jr., that I really need to get my hands on.  But, in the interim, here’s a history of the regiment.

David saw quite a bit of action during Grant’s Overland Campaign, including the Battle of the Wilderness, Spotsylvania, and Cold Harbor.  On February 10, 1865, the 13th was ordered to Wilmington, after the fall of Fort Fisher. They arrived March 6.  From there, they advanced to Goldsboro, which was invested.  After it was taken, they marched to Fayetteville, meeting up with General Sherman.  This was embarrassing for a Southern girl to find lurking in her family tree.  There’s some pride, true, that he fought, even if it was for the Union, but then, there’s Sherman.  No matter how small an association, or for how short a time, this was a bitter pill.

This takes us to about the 21st of March.  He and Sarah Wright probably met shortly after that and embarked on what must have been a whirlwind courtship.  And they weren’t the only ones. George Ely, another soldier of the 13th, Company C, married Sarah’s sister, Jane, on June 27.  David was their bondsman.  George returned the favor a few weeks later when, on July 5, David married Sarah.

However, David did not remain in Fayetteville this entire time.  The 13th began to advance on Raleigh on April 10 and occupied it by the 13th.  After the surrender of General Johnston at Bennett Place, near what is now Durham, on April 26, thus ending the War, David and his unit were sent back to Fayetteville.  He mustered out with the Company, July 14, 1865 in Raleigh.  From there, the troops were sent, by train, to Philadelphia where they were discharged July 27.

David and Sarah moved to Robeson County after the War. In 1870 they lived in Burnt Swamp Township with their two daughters Jane and Minerva.  The ages of the girls are wrong by about 10 years.  Don’t know what’s up with that. David, you’ll notice, was a cooper (barrel maker).  I wonder if he’d learned the trade in Pennsylvania, or if Sarah’s father, Hiram, taught him.  Both he and Sarah could read and write.  Sarah’s sister, Charity, and her husband, Edward R. Newell, lived in Lumberton with their 2-year-old son, Ashford.  Edward was also a cooper.  He could read and write, Charity could not.  Jane had, apparently, died.  The following notice appeared in The Fayetteville Weekly Observer May 10, 1915, page 5:

INFARMATION WANTED BY A SOLDIER’S WIDOW.

J. R. Renshaw of Lykens, Penn., has written here, asking for information as to Jane Wright, daughter of Hiram Wright, who married George Ely about 1865.  Ely is now dead, and the second wife wants to get a pension, but must prove the death of the first wife.
If any can give the information it will be very gratefully received by an old widow, and the information sent to Messrs. Cook & Cook, this city, will be transmitted to her.

And this June 10, 1917, page 3:

Mayor McNeill gave us the following letter this morning, and it may be that some of the older residents can furnish the information desired:

Lykens, Pa., May 30, 1914.
Chief of Police, Fayetteville, N. C.

Dear Sir:–Would it be possible for you to furnish me with any information that will lead me to get the records of the death and burial of a certain lady who is supposed to have died and was interred in or near you city in the Fall of 1865 or Spring of 1866.
Her maiden name was Jane Wright, was married to one George Ely, who brought her to this place in the Summer of 1865, she however, did not remain here more than a few weeks and returned home again; shortly after she left here a letter was received by a relative of George Ely, stating that she had died, since which nothing has been heard about her.
The people who knew here here at the time have passed away as also has her husband and no information further than the above is known.  It is very necessary that we should have some proofs of her death or whereabouts, if living.
Hoping you can be able to put me on the track of getting the information and that I can reciprocate later on.
I remain
Yours truly,
W. S. Young.

We’ll talk more about Sarah’s family in future posts.  Of David’s siblings, Mary Elizabeth Fields married John Coho in about 1862 and in 1870 they lived in Altoona. Her sister, Nancy, aged 15, lived with them.  Shortly after this, Nancy would marry Samuel H. Lego.  Their first child, Charles M. Lego, was born June 28, 1871. John and his wife, Mary Etta Rider, lived in Ferguson Township, Centre County. They had a son, as yet unnamed, who was born in May.  He would be named John Franklin Fields.  I don’t know where Martha is at this point.  She doesn’t marry Mr. Wier until 1884, according to his Find a Grave page (linked to above).  I have yet to find anything about his other siblings after the 1860 census.

In 1880, Sarah and David were still living in Burnt Swamp Township, Robeson County.  My great-grandfather, John Edward Fields, was just 2.  He was born Christmas Day, 1877. In 1890, they’d moved, briefly, to Back Swamp, but were back in Burnt Swamp by 1900.  I can’t tell you how happy I was to finally find someone on the 1890 Veteran’s Schedule!  On July 21, 1900, David applied for a pension, then again August 8, 1908.  In 1910, they lived in Pembroke Township, Robeson County.

Fields-Pembroke_1910

This is a family page.  You have David and Sarah, then my great-grandparents, John and Janie.  Next to them are David Ernest, Jr. and wife Lillie then their sister Charity Ida and her husband Ashley Barber.  Ashley, by the way, is Janie’s brother.  After Ida and Ashley are two other sons of Sarah and David:  Hiram Gerry and wife Lizzie then George Randle and wife Edna.  On the text page is George and Edna’s small son, David C. Fields.

These are the children I have of David Ernest Fields and Sarah Elizabeth Wright:

  • Minerva “Minnie” Leslie Fields b. November 1867, d. March 28, 1936 married Jeff R. Patterson c. 1887
  • Mattie Jane Fields (may have actually been Martha) b. November 20, 1869, d. December 8, 1924 married Evander Pait c. 1896
  • Elizabeth A. “Lizzie” Fields b. April 1871, d. April 20, 1925 married James Harrison Terry c. 1898
  • David Ernest Fields, Jr. b. March 22, 1873, d. January 25, 1937 married Lillie Green Miller c. 1895
  • Sarah Margaret Fields b. February 16, 1876, d. August 22, 1941 married 1) Unknown McLean c. 1897, 2) James Richard Snipes c. 1901
  • John Edward Fields b. December 25, 1877, d. October 17, 1918 married Ruby Jane Barbour c. 1904
  • Mary Bell Fields b. November 20, 1878, d. May 20, 1966 married Walter Beasley c. 1898
  • Hiram Geary Fields b. March 27, 1882, d. July 14, 1956 married Elizabeth Joyce c. 1907
  • Charity Ida Fields b. April 1885, d. April 10, 1915 married Ashley B. Barbour February 5, 1905
  • George Randle Fields b. November 7, 1886, d. July 6, 1933 married Edna Unknown c. 1909

I’d love to hear from any of their descendants.

Sarah died June 7, 1915 of nephritis, which she’d apparently had for quite a while, aggravated by dysentery.  David himself died suddenly April 14, 1917.

April Reads 2016

Debutante-Ruin_JordanAfter finishing Because of Miss Bridgerton last month, I entered a Regency groove. Lord knows I have enough of them on my TBR pile/USB.  First, I did a quick re-read of Quinn’s The Viscount Who Loved Me for no other reason than Pal Mal and the Mallet of Death. Then, with breaks for The Beast and The Obsession, I devoured the following series: Sophie Jordan’s Debutante Files, Lorraine Heath’s Hellions of Havisham and her Scandalous Gentlemen of St. James, Eva Leigh’s Wicked Quills of London.  Earl_LeighThey were all great fun.

Then I started on Sabrina Jeffries’ Sinful Suitors series.  The first book and the follow-up novella were pretty good, but I did not finish the second book, The Study of Seduction. Ethan and Clarissa were discussing their fake “secret” engagement after she was accosted by that French guy, and I just could not make myself read any further. Such convoluted idiocy. And, with that, my historical romance spree was broken.

Beast_WardThe Beast was surprisingly good. Assail didn’t bore me, for once. For the last several books, I’ve done a lot of skimming over his scenes. Especially Lover At Last. He got way too much page time in that book, and Quinn and Blay not nearly enough. But Assail’s scenes in this one. OMG! For one shining moment, I had hope that the whole Assail/Sola thing was dead and we could move on to something more interesting.  But, then, came the Cincinnati signing and all my hopes on that score were dashed. Unless the Warden plans on writing a menage HEA. I would be okay with that if it fit the story, but I know many would not. And, with what she revealed about Lassiter at the signing, the next book, The Chosen immediately went on my most anticipated list for 2017.

The Obsession was okay, but not awesome. The identity of the copy-cat killer was rather obvious. I’d pegged him for what he was shortly after he made his appearance earlier in the book.  When he made that lame attempt at blackmail.

Pompeii_Quinn-KaneAfter the romance, I was still in the mood for something historical, so I dug around/scrolled and found A Day of Fire: A Novel of Pompeii by Stephanie Dray, Ben Kane, E. Knight, Sophie Perinot, Kate Quinn, and Vicky Alvear Shecter. It provided a nice visit with Quinn’s Diana Cornelia and Senator Norbanus. I also really enjoyed Shecter’s contribution, “The Son,” from the point-of-view of Pliny the Younger and Knight’s “The Mother” almost made me cry it was so sad.

The end of the month saw the beginning of my Psy-Changeling re-read.  And I started the new Eva Leigh, Temptations of a Wallflower, and Lorraine Heath, The Earl Takes All.