Decipherment of Linear Elamite

Very excited about this. I know there have been some fairly lengthy inscriptions found recently written with Linear Elamite.

And this is how I brought in the New Year

The first episode is EPIC! Just the look on Ivar’s face! The rest of the season felt anticlimactic after that. Until the Crazy Man. I’m excited for Valhalla.

This is how I spent my Christmas!


I watched the whole series, only stopping long enough to prepare dinner. It is awesome! Can’t wait for the second season!

Andrew Lathinghouse, there were three

In my post about Thomas Laughinghouse, Sr., I mention an early Andrew Laughinghouse. He purchased 100 acres “lying back of the north side of Pamplico River” from John Bean 2 December 1738 (Beaufort County Deed Book 2, p. 292). Andrew Laughinghouse, brick layer, sold this land to John McKeel 29 Aug 1741 (Beaufort County Deed Book 2, p. 407). Thomas witnessed the latter transaction. Since that post, I’ve learned there was one more Andrew.

Andrew the Elder

The first record I’ve found for Andrew Lathinghouse comes from Richmond County, Virginia.  On 6 Jun 1717, Mrs. Eliza Seale sued Andrew for nonpayment of debt (Virginia County Abstracts, Volume 17 by Beverley Fleet, p. 61).  

By 1 Mar 1717/8, he was in Chowan Precinct, North Carolina.  On this date, he was contracted by Joanna, widow of Thomas Peterson, to build a brick chimney among other sundry “works & labours.”  He charged her £10 sterling.  In Jul 1719, he sued her and her new husband, Paul Palmer, for nonpayment.  This case was, eventually, dismissed in Mar 1723 (North Carolina Higher Court Minutes, 1709-1723).  Andrew had to pay costs.  

Thomas Laughinghouse, but not Andrew, is listed on the Beaufort County Tax List for 1755, and only with one white poll, meaning he was the only male in the household of or over the age of 16.  Perhaps he died between 1741 and 1755.

Andrew Lathinghouse, Jr.

Yes, you read that right. There was, indeed, a junior. According to the Journal of North Carolina Genealogy, Volume 18-19 by William Perry Johnson, p. 2811, administration on the estate Andrew Lathinghouse, Jr. was granted James Calef in 1740.

Who married Patience Smith?

When discussing the senior Thomas, I make a point of clarifying this myth. His wife was named Susannah, NOT Patience. But, it turns out, Patience did marry a Lathinghouse.

Henry Crofton of the Said precinct [Beaufort] gent…on or about the Sixteen day of April 1734 in St. thomas Parish and precinct aforesaid did as a Justice of the peace Join Andrew Lathinghouse and Patience Smith together in the holy state of Matrimony….

The Church of England in North Carolina: Documents, 1699-1741 by Robert J. Cain, Editor p. 364

But which Andrew?  Your guess is as good as mine.  Crofton broke the law when he performed the ceremony.  The parish of St. Thomas had a minister in residence, John Garzia.  It was illegal for a lay person to officiate if that was the case.  Crofton owed Garzia £2.5 and another £2.5 to the parish.  He also married other couples.  Garzia sued Crofton and a summons issued for Andrew and Patience.  They failed to appear and a warrant went out for them 30 Jun 1736 (see here).

Was Andrew Laughinghouse, III really a Laughinghouse?

I think he was the natural, legitimate child of Thomas and Susannah.  I cannot prove this, however.  It is entirely possible he was the son of Andrew, Jr. and Patience.  Thomas and Susannah may have adopted him after his father’s death in 1740.  But I don’t think so.  Not only was Thomas the only taxable Laughinghouse in 1755, but also in 1762 (Pitt County Tax List, 1762).  Thus, no other male in the family was born in or before 1746.  

Possible influence of Punic on Early Germanic

Carthaginian sphere of influence. Adapted from Kelly Macquire/Ancient History Encyclopedia, CC BY-NC-SA

Shillings, gods and runes: clues in language suggest a Semitic superpower in ancient northern Europe – Robert Mailhammer, The Conversation
July 5, 2020

We know from ancient writings that Greek, Phoenician and Punic explorers reached as far as the British Isles, which they called the Tin Islands. If only the works of Pytheas and Himilco survived! This article theorizes that certain Germanic words hint at the presence of Carthaginian merchants further afield. I don’t know if I buy the suggested etymologies, but it is fascinating food for thought!

The Family of Boaz Squires

Boaz Squires is a rather enigmatic figure. Appropriate, wouldn’t you say, for a man legend says was a wizard? Local stories claim he was a rather lazy fellow who made demons build boats while he lounged beneath the pines smoking his pipe. He even fought the Devil, on occasion, when Satan objected to Boaz’s use of his minions. His end came when his wife opened an old chest he said should never be opened. A couple of black cat-shaped demons leapt out, landing on his chest. Boaz, immediately, dropped dead. So say the stories. But what do the documents say?

from The Frank C. Brown Collection of North Carolina Folklore; the folklore of North Carolina, collected by Dr. Frank C. Brown during the years 1912 to 1943, in collaboration with the North Carolina Folklore Society, Volume 1, p. 664

The Documented Life of Boaz Squires

The first record I’ve been able to unearth is a patent for 150 acres in Craven County. This land was situated on the north side of the southwest prong of Bay River. Boaz entered this patent 29 Oct 1765 and it was issued 27 Apr 1767. The minimum age to deal in real estate was twenty-one. This means he was born in or before 1744. Further, although his father, Rodger, and brother, Amos, appear on the 1755 Beaufort County tax list, Boaz does not. This means he was not yet sixteen. Thus, he was born after 1739. Rodger purchased 250 acres on the south side of Bay River from Francis Delamar 11 Jun 1739 (Beaufort County Deed Book 2, p. 303). Boaz was, most likely, born there.

On 24 Jun 1769, Boaz sold the land he’d patented to Robert Burney for £14 proclamation money (Craven County Deed Book 18, p. 328). In that year, he was assessed a tax for one white male and 1 black female.

Solomon Tingle sold Boaz 100 acres on the south side of Bay River 2 Feb 1778 for £85 (Craven County Deed Book 24, p. 137). Boaz bought another 100 acres there from John Denny 23 Jan 1779 (Craven County Deed Book 24, p. 133). He paid £100. He then sold half the land he bought from Denny to Amos Squires 3 Apr 1779 (Craven County Deed Book 24, p. 72). Taxes for 1779 must have been assessed before this because Boaz was taxed (District 4) for 200 acres, as well as 115 other property.


Boaz’s father, Rodger, composed his will 27 Feb 1770. Sons Amos and Boaz and daughter, Ruth Herrington, were left a shilling “sterling money of great britain”.

Rodger bequeathed his “non dwelling plantation” to his wife, Jean. However, she was not permitted to sell “any of the timber or other previledges or to dispose of the same” except for “the maintenance of her children under age.” After her death or remarriage, the plantation then went to his youngest daughter, Lydia.

The second youngest was called Thamar. His personal estate was left to Jean during her lifetime, then to be split between Lydia and Thamar. Unless she remarried. Then she was to receive a one third share.

A bequest of 106 acres was made to another daughter, Aliff, wife of Joshua Cuthrell. This land was purchased from James Brinson. Joshua and Jean were appointed Executor and Executrix. If Jean were to remarry, then she would have to resign from this appointment.

Were Thamar and Lydia “her children under age”? An inventory of Rodger’s Estate bears the date 2 Aug 1772.

Another, possible, sibling may have been Benjamin Squires. Benjamin witnessed a deed 5 Sep 1764 (Craven County Deed Book 2, p. 488). In order to witness a document, a person had to be, at least, 14 years of age. Thus, Benjamin Squires was born no later than 1750. I have found no other mention of Benjamin, so he may have died underage.

His “natural daughter”

On 3 Apr 1785, Boaz made out a deed of gift. In this document, he gives his “natural daughter”, Sidney Squires, his remaining 150 acres (Craven County Deed Book 26, p. 55). This land is described as “beginning at a Cypress over against Thomas Clayton’s shipyard….” He also gave her two negro boys, James and Charles. The witnesses were Amos, “Saray”, and Jeremiah Squires. It was proven in Court on the oath of Amos Squires during the June term.

During the December term, Sidney Squires “came into Court and made choice of Amos Squires as her Guardian Ordered that he Enter into Bond with Amos Squires and John Baker his securities….” The guardian bond was set at either £300 or £500. It’s difficult to tell.

Sometime before 1790, Sidney married Lemuel Allcock or Jones County. They, along with one slave, were enumerated there on the census. On 8 Mar of that year, they sold 50 acres to Amos Squires (Craven County Deed Book 27, p. 245). The other 100 was sold to Jacob Lewis 21 Jan 1791 (Craven County Deed Book 29, p. 219). At some unascertained point between 1796 and 1820, the family moved to Washington County, Georgia. This is where I found Siddy Allcock residing in 1820. Lemuel must have, already, been deceased. She was taxed in Washington County in both 1825 and 1828 for 215 3/4 acres of land. During the 1827 Land Lottery, Sidney drew one lot of 202 1/2 acres in Carroll County. Lemuel’s orphans also drew one lot. Both were taxed for this Carroll County property in 1828. Sidney was still living in 1850, aged 80. She was enumerated on the census in Dooly County, Georgia in that year.

Wife and Legitimate Children

If Boaz was not already wed to the lady with the Pandora complex by the time he entered his patent in 1765, he probably was by the time it was issued in 1767. Her name was Dinah. She sold a negro boy called Abraham to Henry Tillman for £30 29 Feb 1788 (Craven County Deed Book 43, p. 191). She died before 30 Sep 1791. On that day, Thomas Ives and wife, Hannah, sold “my Right and Title of the Land and negroes that belonged to Dinah Squires” to Pheraby Ives (Craven County Deed Book 29, p. 239).

Thomas Ives purchased a bond to marry Hannah Squires 30 Aug 1784. Thomas Carraway was bondsman. On 3 Nov 1815, Thomas Ives sold “his right in a certain property that I was heir to by the death of David Squires it being a parcel of negroes Tamer, Abram, Joseph, Pat, Sal, Bet, Ben and several names unknown” to Benjamin E. Mallison for $100 (Craven County Deed Book 43, p. 455 and 456) . He then sold “my right title and claim in the estate of Boze Squires in Dinah his wife decd. unto Thomas Leith” 13 Jan 1816 (Craven County Deed Book 42, p. 369 and 370).

“Saborough” Lewis and Isaiah Taylor, 5 Nov 1815, sold Benjamin Tillman “all our right title interest or claim whatsoever in and to a negro woman named Tamer formerly the property of Boaz Squires deceased and to any of her children or descendants, and also all our right title & interest as next of kin of Boaz Squires and David Squires his son, in and to the said negroes…” (Craven County Deed Book 43, p. 192). Jacob Lewis and Benjamin Riden purchased a bond for Jacob to marry Sabra Squires 20 Feb 1784.

Conclusions and Speculations

From the above evidence, we may conclude that Boaz Squires and Dinah, his wife, had, at least, three children: Hannah, Sabra and David. I’ve yet to discover how Isaiah Taylor fits into this family. Or even if he does. Whatever caused them to marry, I get the impression that Dinah and Boaz did not have a warm relationship. Note that Boaz gave all of his real property to an illegitimate daughter, Sidney. All of the identifiable witnesses for that deed were of his brother’s family, not his own.

It is possible that there was another son, John, who purchased a bond to marry Hannah Gaskins 2 Dec 1796. I would not be surprised to learn that one of the men named Amos Squires was theirs, as well. There were, at least, three. Then there are the Mary Squires who married William Gaskins and Zipporah who wed Joseph Gaskins then Jesse Everington, both of uncertain parentage.

Dinah Squires to Henry Tillman
Craven County Deed Book 43, p. 191
Boaz Squires to Sidney Squires
Craven County Deed Book 26, p. 55
Thomas Ives to Benjamin E. Mallison
Craven County Deed Book 43, p. 455 and 456
Thomas Ives to Thomas Leith
Craven County Deed Book 42, p. 369 and 370
Sabra Lewis and Isaiah Taylor to Benjamin Tillman
Craven County Deed Book 43, p. 192

Bridgerton Release Date!

Author Julia Quinn “cordially” invites us “to the event of the season… BRIDGERTON, from Shondaland, premieres December 25, only on Netflix.” Merry Christmas, indeed!


What happens when continents collide?

House of Earth and Blood by Sarah J. Maas

Bryce walked calmly to the hidden supply closet. Pulled out a red plastic container. And dumped the entire gallon of gasoline on the Governor’s dismembered corpse.

“Holy fuck,” Ruhn whispered, over and over. “Holy fuck.”

The rest of the room didn’t so much as breathe too loudly. Even Sandriel had no words as Bryce grabbed a pack of matches from a drawer i her desk.

She struck one, and tossed it onto the Governor’s body.

Flames erupted. The fireproofing enchantments on the art around her shimmered.

There would be no chance of salvation. Of healing. Not for Micah. Not after what he had done to Danika Fendyr. To the Pack of Devils. And Lehabah.

Bryce stared at the fire, her face still splattered with the Archangel’s blood. And finally, she lifted her eyes. Right a the camera. At the world watching.

Vengeance incarnate. Wrath’s bruised heart. She would bow for no one. Hunt’s lightning sang at the sight of that brutal, beautiful face.

Time sped up, the flames devouring Micah’s body, crisping his wings to cinders. They spat him out as ashes.

Sirens wailed outside the gallery as the Auxiliary pulled up at last.

Bryce slammed the front door shut as the first of the Fae units and wolf packs appeared.

No one, not even Sandriel, spoke a word as Bryce too out the vacuum from the supply closet. And erased the last trace of Micah from the world.

House of Earth and Blood p. 709

LOVED this book! Definitely can’t wait for the next one. Spent, at least, a hundred pages in tears.

Y chromosomes of Neandertals and Denisovans now sequenced

Matthias Meyer at work in the clean laboratory at the Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology (Credit: MPI f. Evolutionary Anthropology)

An international research team led by Martin Petr and Janet Kelso of the Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology in Leipzig, Germany, has determined Y chromosome sequences of three Neandertals and two Denisovans. These Y chromosomes provide new insights into the relationships and population histories of archaic and modern humans, including new evidence for ancient gene flow from early modern humans into Neandertals.

Source: Y chromosomes of Neandertals and Denisovans now sequenced